In some countries, combination vaccines with hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b and/or IPV exist. Vaccines containing DT are used for children under 7 years of age and Td-containing vaccines for those aged 7 years and over.
Tetanus is different from other vaccine-preventable diseases because it does not spread from person to person. Today, tetanus is uncommon in the United States, with an average of 29 reported cases per year from 1996 through 2009.
Tetanus is a dangerous nerve ailment caused by the toxin of a common bacterium, Clostridium tetani. The spores can remain infectious for more than 40 years in soil.
There are four combination vaccines used to prevent tetanus: DTaP, Tdap, DT, and Td. Several other combination vaccines contain DTaP along with other childhood vaccines.
Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that affects the nervous system and causes muscles throughout the body to tighten. However, this vaccine does not last forever; booster shots are needed every 10 years to ensure immunity.
You can help prevent tetanus by having all of the suggested tetanus shots (immunizations). There are three different types of tetanus shots.
Tetanus can interfere with your ability to breathe and, ultimately, threaten your life. Treatment focuses on managing complications until the effects of the tetanus toxin resolve.
Signs and symptoms of tetanus may appear anytime from a few days to several weeks after tetanus bacteria enter your body through a wound. The average incubation period is seven to eight days.
Tetanus, or lockjaw is a serious infection caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria which produce a toxin that affects the brain and nervous system. The infection can cause severe muscle spasms, serious breathing difficulties, and can ultimately be fatal.
The bacteria that cause tetanus can be found in soil, manure, or dust. Animal bites, burns, and non-sterile injection of drugs can also lead to infection with Clostridium tetani.
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The new version would go on the skin, without any needles, and might not require refrigeration -- a plus for storage and shipping. So say Jianfeng Zhang, PhD, and colleagues in the journal Infection and Immunity.